Syria’s northern coast ravaged by wildfires, months after devastating earthquake

Syria is being hit hard by wildfires supercharged by strong winds and searing temperatures

Syria is being hit hard by wildfires supercharged by strong winds and searing temperatures Photo: AP

At 72, Syrian farmer Izzadin Zuhaira has survived war, displacement and a devastating earthquake in February.

But the forest fires razing his home province of Latakia this week, turning his beloved orchards to ash, were the worst he had seen.

“I’ve never seen any weather like this,” Mr Zuhaira said.

“The soil and the trees were so impacted by the heat that they lit up quickly.”

The retired civil servant had been living off the harvests of about 700 olive, pomegranate and walnut trees, but all of these were destroyed by the spreading fire.

His modest one-storey farmhouse, already damaged by years of war, was further cracked by the February earthquake, which left more than 5000 dead in Syria and hit Latakia hard.

“After the quake, the fires came and finished it off,” Mr Zuhaira told Reuters.

“It left us with nothing.”

Like other countries around the Mediterranean, Syria has been hit hard by wildfires this month, supercharged by strong winds and searing temperatures.

Firefighters had struggled to put them out in Homs and Hama in mid-July, and the fires in Latakia raged for five days before rescuers could control them, Syria’s agriculture minister Mohammad Hassaan Qatna said on Saturday.

“There were multiple places, far away,” Mr Qatna told Reuters during a tour of the area.

“The speed of the wind was a factor in the excessive spread of the fires.”

Other challenges for the firefighters included poor telecoms coverage in the north and the procurement of fireproof suits or spare parts for extinguishing equipment, he said.

Syria’s 12-year conflict, along with Western sanctions, a currency squeeze linked to neighbouring Lebanon’s economic crisis and the government’s loss of its northeastern oil-producing territories have triggered a financial meltdown.

On Saturday, firefighters could be seen pumping water from a fire truck to extinguish flames on a wooded slope in Latakia.

The ministry did not have a final figure yet of how far the damage had spread, but Mr Qatna said the region’s pine forests were badly hit.

“Pine is like coal for these fires,” he said.

Syria has been severely affected by climate change in recent years, including rising temperatures and erratic rainfall that have led to forest fires and poor harvests.

Dust storms, desertification and land loss had threatened farmers’ livelihoods for years, said Suhair Zakkout, spokeswoman for the International Committee of the Red Cross in Syria.

“Syrians were already especially vulnerable because of the impacts of more than 12 years of conflict, which makes it even harder for them to deal with the impacts of climate change,” she told Reuters.


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