Legendary speed demon Craig Breedlove, once the world’s fastest man, dead at 86

Craig Breedlove straps himself into Spirit of America before his ill-fated 1996 attempt on the world land speed record. <i>Photo: AP</i>

Craig Breedlove straps himself into Spirit of America before his ill-fated 1996 attempt on the world land speed record. Photo: AP

Free-wheeling Craig Breedlove, who transformed the quest for the world land speed record with his jet-powered three-wheelers, has died at the age of 86.

The American tore up the rule book in the mid 1960s by abandoning the traditional power train of internal combustion engines directly driving the road wheels.

Instead, he mated an US-military surplus jet engine to a sleek, pointy nosed vehicle that looked more like a missile than a car, opened the throttle and roared into the record books.

Success came quickly, quite literally, with a new record of 643km/h in 1963, followed by records of 804km/h and 965km/h

Breedlove died at his home in Rio Vista, California. His wife, Yadira Breedlove, said the cause of death was cancer.

Breedlove battled Tom Green and Art Arfons on the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah to set and then break each other’s speed records during the  1960s, a golden era of American motorsports.

Breedlove’s final speed record was 966.6km/h in 1965.

Immortalised by the Beach Boys

The mark has been topped since, with the current record sitting at 1224 km/h – faster than the speed of sound – but Breedlove helped make the land-speed mark a cultural phenomenon beginning in 1963.

An American hero to many, he was immortalised in the Beach Boys’ song Spirit Of America, which refers to him as a “daring young man” playing a “dangerous game”.

Born on March 23, 1937, Breedlove was a firefighter whose childhood love of cars inspired him to race. He also worked at Douglas Aircraft in Santa Monica as a technician in structural engineering, a background that helped fuel his work with jet-powered cars.

His early designs included an arrow-like vehicle with three wheels, a jet engine, and a rear fin that was more fighter plane than passenger car.

In Spirit of America, Breedlove clocked 655km/h at Bonneville to set a new land-speed record on August 5, 1963.

The record changed hands eight times in the next two years, culminating with Breedlove’s final mark set on November 15, 1965.

During one of Breedlove’s record-breaking runs, he lost his brakes and his parachutes. Unable to stop for more than a mile, his car slammed into telephone poles before landing in a salt pond. Breedlove escaped unscathed.

Comeback thwarted

He planned to try to break the land-speed record of 1019km/h in 1996 but crashed and had to abandon the endeavour.

Breedlove was inducted into the Motorsports Hall of Fame of America in 1993, the Dry Lakes Racing Hall of Fame in 1995, the International Motorsports Hall of Fame in 2000, and the Automotive Hall of Fame in 2009.

He was married six times, with his final marriage enduring 20 years.

Breedlove is survived by his wife, two children from his first marriage, a half-sister, five grandchildren and seven great-grandchildren.


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