Bid to reach 40 trapped Indian tunnelers delayed by cave-in threat

Gouged into the heart of the Himalayas, the tunnel is vulnerable to earthquakes and cave-ins.

Gouged into the heart of the Himalayas, the tunnel is vulnerable to earthquakes and cave-ins. Photo: EPA

A sudden “cracking sound” has driven rescuers from a collapsed Himalayan highway tunnel, leaving 40 workers trapped behind a mountain of rock and a disabled boring machine.

The men have been stuck in the hillside tunnel in Uttarakhand state for almost a week but are safe, authorities said.

During efforts to restart the drilling machine on Friday, a “large-scale cracking sound” was heard, according to a report from the state-run National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation (NHIDCL).

The sound “created a panic situation in the tunnel as well as to the team working,” the report said.

Similar sounds have been noted previously and there was a “strong possibility of further collapse,” the report said, adding that a meeting to discuss further steps in the rescue effort has been called.

The trapped workers have light and receive oxygen, food, water and medicines via a pipe, and can communicate via walkie-talkie.

Families’ anxious wait

Their families are waiting anxiously, some camped outside.

Efforts to reach them were slowed by falling debris during drilling, and a new machine flown from New Delhi began work on Thursday with the intention of creating space to push through pipes for the men to crawl to safety.

Pipes had been pushed 22 metres – about one-third of the way – when the cracking sound was heard and the machine developed a snag on Friday afternoon, said NHIDCL, which is building the tunnel.

“The machine is not able to push further as the machine is getting lifted” and its bearings are getting damaged, the statement said, adding that work was underway to anchor the machine to the platform.

Engineers at the site are fabricating spare bearings to start it again, NHIDCL director Anshu Manish Khalkho told Reuters.

Chief medical officer of the district, RCS Pawar, said the temperature inside the tunnel is higher than outside and there have been no complaints of feeling cold by the men.

Night temperatures have fallen to 13C as winter sets in.

Earthquakes and floods

The 4.5km tunnel is part of the Char Dham highway, one of the most ambitious projects of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government.

Authorities have not said what caused the cave in but the region is prone to landslides, earthquakes and floods.

Arnold Dix, the Australia-based president of the International Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, who is among experts being consulted by rescuers, said it was essential to take time and care.

“We cannot go fast and risk a second disaster,” he told Reuters.

“This situation is extremely dangerous and we must be extremely careful.”


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