Climate scientists fear faltering Atlantic currents signal disaster for Europe and Amazon
If currents degenerate, the rocky shores of Nova Scotia could become frozen wastelands. Photo: Getty
Climate change is so changing the composition and flow of Atlantic Ocean currents that a sudden and dangerous transformation of the world’s climate is a major threat.
The Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC), which “effectively transports heat and salt through the global ocean,” has recently shown signs of trending toward a crucial “tipping point”, according to a study published in the journal Science Advances.
Scientists have been warning of the potential collapse for decades, as the currents’ strength has been weakened by rising temperatures which affect the system’s balance of heat and salt.
While the study offers no timetable for when a collapse could occur – the AMOC has only been closely observed since 2004 – it predicts devastating effects in particular for Europe and the Amazon rainforest.
If the AMOC collapses, some regions of Europe could see average temperatures decrease by 30C over a century, according to the study.
While a century seems like a long time, scientists say the possible changes would be significantly felt over the course of just decades. For example, February temperatures in Norway could drop by 3.5C per decade.
“No realistic adaptation measures can deal with such rapid temperature changes,” the study authors write.
Similarly in the Amazon, scientists notice a “drastic change in their precipitation patterns” from their model, showing “the dry season becomes the wet season and vice versa.”
These changes, the authors argue, could “severely disrupt the ecosystem of the Amazon rainforest.”
In 2021, the AMOC was determined to be at its weakest point in the last 1000 years, according to a separate study published by Nature Geoscience.
If the system were to collapse, it “would affect every person on the planet – it’s that big and important,” Peter de Menocal, the president of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in Massachusetts, told CNN.